Despite the UK having exported much of its primary industry over the last century, industry emissions are still a significant part of the UK’s greenhouse gas emissions. While some of this is the electricity used to power such industry, much of it is industrial processes. Manufacturing, refineries, water management, construction and so on require furnaces or chemical processes that emit greenhouse gases. The sheer range of different industries makes it more difficult to find a technological solution to reduce emissions in the same way as the power sector. Nevertheless, electrification of furnaces and use of hydrogen in some cases can reduce emissions, as well as many industries upgrading their machinery to be more efficient – particularly important, as many industrial machines have some extremely poor efficiency. Carbon Capture and Storage has, in particular, been seen as solution to emissions from industry. Much of industry’s emissions revolve, appropriately, on the extraction or processing of fossil fuels, potentially creating a self-defeating cycle; if the UK relies less on fossil fuels, there may be less emissions from recovering and processing them. The most immediate measure that can be taken along with energy efficiency is resource efficiency. This approach sees standards placed on companies to design products that last longer and use less resources to make and dispose of, in the process both reducing waste and manufacturing emissions.